Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis that develops in some people who have high levels of uric acid in the blood. The acid can form needle-like crystals in a joint and cause sudden, severe episodes of pain, tenderness, redness, warmth and swelling. Diet tips for high uric acid patients.
Diet tips for high uric acid patients
Lower fat intake as excess fat reduces normal excretion of uric acid.
Liberal fluid intake to keep the urine dilute.
Restriction or elimination of alcohol.
Use less salt while cooking. Avoid adding salt while cooking rice or in chapatti dough
Use adjuncts like tomato, vinegar, cocum, amchur, lime juice, curd, pepper powder to make the food cooked with less salt palatable
What to avoid
Shell fishes, red meat, mince meat, meat extracts, organ meats, fishes (sardine, roe, makeral).
Whole pulses (masur, rajmah, chana, chole, etc.). Other dals are allowed.
Vegetables and fruits – green peas, spinach, french beans, brinjal,cauliflower, mushroom, chickoo, custard apple.
Avoid salted nuts/ biscuits, papads, pickles, chutneys.
Avoid excess consumption of processed and preserved foods; eg. bakery products.
Caution – Do not overdo on salt substitutes as that might cause an electrolyte imbalance.
Foods to eat in uric acid:
Fresh cherries, strawberries, blueberries and other red-blue berries
Vegetables including cabbage and parsley
Foods high in bromelain (pineapple)
Foods high in vitamin C (red cabbage, red bell peppers, tangerines, mandarins, oranges, potatoes)
Low-fat dairy products
Complex carbohydrates (breads, cereals)
Although Purines (organic compounds, which create uric acid breakdown in the body) are found in vegetable sources, they don’t cause the same amount of uric acid buildup in the body that meat sources do. In fact, fresh fruits and vegetables reduce acid levels in the body and it is often advised to avoid red meats, organ meats and highly processed foods. Fresh fruits and vegetables are encouraged so the patient can increase alkalinity in the blood.
Therefore, rather than attempting to find foods that are free of purines and uric acid, it’s important to know how to increase the body’s alkalinity, which naturally reduces the body’s acidity. Fresh, non-processed foods, such as fruits and vegetables, are the way to go.