Causes of dark circles and treatment

People often think dark circles are due to tiredness and a lack of sleep. Although this can be one cause, there are other reasons for dark circles under eyes, such as allergies or the natural aging process.Causes of dark circles and treatment is mentioned below:

In some cases, dark circles under the eyes can indicate a need for lifestyle changes, such as improvements to sleep habits or diet.

Causes and risk factors:

The area under the eyes can appear darker due to constricted blood vessels causing hyperpigmentation, or from thinning of the skin around the eyes.

All causes of dark circles under the eyes include:

  • lack of sleep or poor sleeping habits
  • allergies, including hay fever
  • hyperpigmentation, which happens when the body produces more melanin
  • reduced levels of fatty tissue around the eyes
  • thinning skin under the eyes
  • anemia from iron deficiency
  • overexposure to sunlight
  • frequent rubbing of the eyes
  • aging
  • smoking
  • inherited genes
  • thyroid conditions
  • dehydration
  • dermatitis
  • eye drop treatment for glaucoma, such as bimatoprost

There are some risk factors for dark circles under the eyes, such as:

Older age:

Loss of fatty tissue and thinning of the skin around the eyes are part of the aging process. These changes can make dark circles appear more defined in older adults. A tear troughTrusted Source is the hollow under the eyes, which can cause dark circles and is related to aging.

Nonwhite ethnicity:

Dark circles are more common in people with darker skin tones, and they affect people of color more than white people. This risk factor is thought to be due to changes in pigmentation.

Genetics:

Dark circles can be hereditary. ResearchTrusted Source has found that if someone has dark circles under their eyes, these also appear in some other family members.

Home Remedies to remove dark circles:

Cold cucumber slices:

Cucumbers contain antioxidants that can reduce puffiness around the eyes. As a natural astringent and a coolant, cucumber causes the skin tissues to contract. This makes under-eye circles less prominent. Place finely cut cucumber slices on each eyelid. Leave it on for 5 minutes and rinse. 

Cold tea bags:

The caffeine present in tea bags shrinks blood vessels and reduces fluid retention in tissues. This makes the skin around your eyes look vibrant and glowing. Cold tea bags cause skin tissues to shrink, leaving your eyes looking less puffy. Take two already soaked tea bags and refrigerate for 10 minutes. Remove and place them on each eye for 5 -10 minutes. Rinse with cold water and repeat 1-3 times a day to see effective results.

Mint leaves:

Mint leaves contain menthol that improves blood circulation and soothe your skin. It is natural astringent and contracts the blood vessels around the eyes, reducing the blue tint. The vitamin C in mint makes the skin around the eyes appear brighter. Make your own mask at home by blending mint leaves and applying them on the affected area. Leave it for 10 minutes before rinsing.

Milk:

Milk contains vitamins A and B6, which help build new skin cells. The vitamin B12 in milk naturally lightens dark skin. The selenium in milk protects skin from harmful free radicals and sun damage. Just soak two cotton pads in cold milk and squeeze out excess. Place the cotton pads on the eyes covering the dark circles. Leave it for 20 minutes and rinse with cold water. Repeat thrice a week.

Aloe vera:

Aloe vera is an effective moisturiser and has anti-inflammatory properties. Clean the under eye area with moist cotton and apply massage aloe vera pulp under the eyes for 10 minutes. You don’t need to rinse unless you find it sticky.

Rose water and whole milk:

Rose water is great for those with sensitive skin. Take two teaspoons of milk and mix it 1 teaspoon of whole milk. Soak two cotton pads in the mixture and cover your eye area with it for 20 minutes. Wash with normal water.

Potato:

Potato contains natural bleaching property that can help to lighten your skin under your eyes as well as prevent puffiness around your eyes. Take chilled potatoes and grate them. Extract the juice in a bowl and soak cotton pads for a minute. Place them on your eyes for 20 minutes and wash off with normal water.

Turmeric and mint leaves:

Turmeric is known to rejuvenate tired and sagging skin. In a blender, puree mint leaves and strain to extract the juice. Add ¼ teaspoon of turmeric to the juice. Apply the mixture to the affected area and leave it on for 20 minutes. Allow it to dry and wash with cold water.

Coconut oil:

Coconut oil is extremely moisturising and contains vitamin E and antioxidants that help repair damaged skin cells and dryness. It also is rich in lactic acid that tightens skin. Before going to bed, apply extra virgin oil on clean under-eye skin. Massage gently in a clockwise and anti-clockwise direction for a few minutes. Leave it overnight.

Almond oil and lemon juice:

Mix one teaspoon of almond oil with a few drops of lemon juice. Massage the mixture around your eyes for 2 minutes. Leave it on for 10 minutes. Rinse.

Tomato:

Tomatoes are natural bleaching agents. They contain antioxidants that reduce discolouration around the eyes. Try this potent home remedy to banish dark circles: Extract tomato juice and mix ½ tsp of lemon juice and 2 tsp of gram flour to it. Apply the paste under the eyes and leave for 15-20 minutes. Rinse off with cold water.

Always moisturise:

Many times, what may look like dark patch around the eyes, in reality, is just dry skin. Moisturising it twice daily will restore your skin and hydrate it, giving your eyes a fuller look. Use a good quality moisturiser that suits your skin type. You can even try massaging your skin with almond oil. 

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